News

Antibiotic Resistance

  • 04.16.2021  |  WHO: 2020 antibacterial agents in clinical and preclinical development: an overview and analysis

    WHO| The World Health Organization’s (WHO) 2020 annual review of the clinical and preclinical antibacterial pipelines evaluates the potential of antibacterial candidates in different stages of development.

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  • 04.12.2021  |  DECENNIAL DAY 2021, Padmini Srikantiah – A Shot in the Arm: Innovation in Vaccines and Potential to Impact Healthcare and Address Antimicrobial Resistance

    Padmini Srikantiah, Antimicrobial Resistance Strategy Lead at the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, examined the economic and societal benefits of vaccines in preventing antibiotic-resistant infections and disease and the lessons learned from the COVID-19 pandemic to accelerate the delivery of life-saving vaccines to the world. The presentation was made at Decennial Day, April 12, 2021. The Decennial Conference reviews the advances of the previous decade and the opportunities and trends for the fields of healthcare epidemiology, infectious diseases, and infection prevention and control for the future. Co-hosted by the Society for Health care Epidemiology of America (SHEA) and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the Decennial Program focused on global solutions for preventing healthcare-associated infections and addressing emerging pathogens and antibiotic resistance in healthcare.  

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  • 04.12.2021  |  DECENNIAL DAY 2021, Tim Jinks – Combating Emerging and Enduring Pathogens including AMR: Taking Action Today to make an Impact Tomorrow

    Timothy Jinks, Head of Wellcome Trust’s AMR Programme, provided an overview of Wellcome Trusts’ Global Response to AMR report, and said that while some progress has been made, AMR is not being prioritized as it should by world leaders and policy makers and that the AMR agenda is at risk of losing momentum. It is critical to capture new momentum in with a clear post-COVID-19 AMR narrative. He mapped out strategies to achieve that. The presentation was made at Decennial Day, April 12, 2021. The Decennial Conference reviews the advances of the previous decade and the opportunities and trends for the fields of healthcare epidemiology, infectious diseases, and infection prevention and control for the future. Co-hosted by the Society for Health care Epidemiology of America (SHEA) and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the 2021 Decennial Program focused on global solutions for preventing healthcare-associated infections and addressing emerging pathogens and antibiotic resistance in healthcare.  

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  • 04.12.2021  |  DECENNIAL DAY 2021, Kevin Outterson – Policy and Economic Innovations to Impact AMR

    Boston University Professor Kevin Outterson examines the economic barriers to AMR innovation and potential solutions to create a sustainable environment for antibacterial innovation to address the rise of resistance. The presentation was made at Decennial Day, April 12, 2021. Held once every ten years, the Decennial Conference reviews the advances of the previous decade and the opportunities and trends for the fields of healthcare epidemiology, infectious diseases, and infection prevention and control for the future. Co-hosted by the Society for Health care Epidemiology of America (SHEA) and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the 2021 Decennial Program focused on global solutions for preventing healthcare-associated infections and addressing emerging pathogens and antibiotic resistance in healthcare.  

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  • 04.06.2021  |  Antibiotics: Netflix-style subscriptions target superbugs. One possible solution for the growing AMR crisis

    FINANCIAL TIMES | Price is not always a reliable guide to value. The financial rewards that come from developing new antibiotics are pitiful, but their importance cannot be overstated. Developers of new antibiotics have to contend with both low prices and low volumes. Innovative treatments are deployed slowly to reduce the risk of resistance developing. That makes it hard to recoup R&D costs. Those are typically around $1.5bn, about 33 times average annual sales. The current pandemic has shown the value of planning ahead of crises. Small companies have done a lot of the running, initially sustained by research grants from CARB-X and other organizations. But they have struggled to make a return. The handful of quoted innovators, such as the US’s Summit Therapeutics and India’s Wockhardt, have together lost more than half their value since 2015. Several have been forced into bankruptcy. New business models— including Netflix-style subscriptions — are being explored to overcome market failure. Urgent action is needed by governments to ensure that society has the new antibiotics and other products needed to address the rise of drug resistance.

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  • 04.05.2021  |  Leveraging Vaccines to Reduce Antibiotic Use and Prevent Antimicrobial Resistance, A World Health Organization Action Framework: Commentary

    CLINICAL INFECTIOUS DISEASES / OXFORD ACADEMIC | This article examines the WHO Leveraging Vaccines to Reduce Antibiotic Use and Prevent AMR Framework. Written by Johan Vekemans and distinguished colleagues, the article concludes that successful health interventions depend on public confidence. Advocacy and targeted communication is needed to raise awareness about the benefits of vaccines. Policy makers, influencers as well as the scientific and medical community have a major role to play in raising awareness about the importance of protecting people against infections and curbing the threat that AMR poses to individuals, societies and global health.

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  • 04.05.2021  |  Leveraging Vaccines to Reduce Antibiotic Use and Prevent Antimicrobial Resistance: An Action Framework and annexe to Immunization Agenda 2030

    WHO | As part of the Immunization Agenda 2030: A Global Strategy to Leave No One Behind, WHO has published an AMR-focused action framework that summarizes ways in which we should seek to use vaccines to reduce antibiotic use and to prevent the further emergence of antimicrobial resistance.

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  • 02.22.2021  |  Researcher who Developed the Last New Class of Antibiotics Reflects on Challenges

    PEW TRUSTS | The last time scientists discovered a novel class of antibiotics that would eventually make it to market was in 1984. That drug, daptomycin, was approved by the Food and Drug Administration in 2003, nearly two decades after its discovery—and Richard Baltz was one of the researchers who helped develop the promising molecule into an FDA-approved drug. Baltz spoke to Pew Trusts about his experience developing daptomycin, including the challenges associated with discovering and developing new antibiotics, and some lessons from the current COVID-19 pandemic.

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  • 02.17.2021  |  The Next Health Crisis

    PITTSBURGH POST-GAZETTE | Within the arena of public health battles, all eyes are peeled on COVID-19. But another health crisis looms: a war against drug-resistant infections. This Editorial quotes Jonathan Steckbeck, CEO of Peptilogics, on the challenges that antibacterial drug developers face. It urges the US government to proceed with the PASTEUR Act, which would not only restructure the US federal payment protocol, it also would boost data collection by hospitals which would receive federal funding for participating in an anti-overuse program.

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  • 02.17.2021  |  Beating Superbugs – People Fixing the World

    BBC Podcast | A small team of Indian scientists think they’ve found a new way to kill superbugs. Listen to this moving 25-minute podcast on the ravages of antibiotic resistance in India, what motivates researchers at CARB-X-funded Bugworks and what they are doing to address the problem.

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  • 02.03.2021  |  With all eyes on COVID-19, drug-resistant infections crept in

    NEW YORK TIMES | As COVID-19 took hold over the past year, hospitals and nursing homes used and reused scarce protective equipment — masks, gloves, gowns. This desperate frugality helped prevent the airborne transfer of the virus. But it also appears to have helped spread a different set of germs — drug-resistant bacteria and fungi — that have used the chaos of the pandemic to grow opportunistically in health care settings around the globe.

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  • 01.25.2021  |  Antibiotic resistance: How to tackle a public health crisis: Recommendations from a Financial Times roundtable with pharma, government and NGO experts

    FINANCIAL TIMES | The Financial Times hosted a discussion in December 2020 on progress and policy options to tackle antimicrobial resistance, as part of its special report series on the Future of Antibiotics. The meeting brought together senior representatives from governments, non-profit and international organisations, academia, medical centres, the investment community and the pharmaceutical sector. This is a summary of the key discussion points and recommendations.

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  • 01.19.2021  |  Phage therapy is gaining ground as a potential solution to antibiotic resistance but regulatory challenges may be its biggest hurdle

    BBC | Phages or bacteriophages are viruses that naturally prey on bacteria by infecting and replicating within them until they burst out, killing their microbial host. There are billions of phages on Earth, and they have co-evolved with the bacteria they prey on for millennia, helping to keep their numbers in check. Their therapeutic use was first pioneered in 1919 by Felix d’Herelle, a French-Canadian microbiologist who used phages to cure a boy suffering from severe dysentery. However, the discovery of penicillin in 1928 and its subsequent commercial production by the 1940s unleashed the antibiotic era, effectively supplanting phage therapy. Phage is attracting attention again in the search for better ways to address drug-resistant bacteria. But there remain plenty of challenges, including regulatory obstacles that need to be addressed.

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  • 01.19.2021  |  A new state of the art institute for antimicrobial research is to open at Oxford University thanks to a £100 million donation from Ineos

    OXFORD UNIVERSITY | Ineos, one of the world’s largest manufacturing companies, and the University of Oxford are launching a new world-leading institute to combat the growing global issue of antimicrobial resistance (AMR), which currently causes an estimated 1.5 million excess deaths each year- and could cause over 10m deaths per year by 2050. Predicted to also create a global economic toll of $100 trillion by mid-century, it is arguably the greatest economic and healthcare challenge facing the world post-Covid. The new Ineos Oxford Institute will benefit from the internationally outstanding facilities and expertise of Oxford University, which played the key role in the origin of antibiotics following Fleming and Oxford’s discovery and development of penicillin in the last century. The IOI will create collaborative and cross-disciplinary links across the sciences, and will be based between two sites in Oxford, linking the University’s Department of Chemistry with the Department of Zoology in the new Life & Mind Building, which is currently under construction.

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  • 01.06.2021  |  Spurring antibiotics research, US lawmakers fear looming public health crisis: drug-resistant ‘superbugs’

    PITTSBURGH POST-GAZETTE | While the world grapples with the spread of COVID-19, health experts fear a much more destructive public health crisis stemming from drug-resistant infections invading communities without the weapons to fight them. The overuse of antibiotics is just one part of the problem. US legislation introduced in December 2020 by US Rep. Mike Doyle takes aim at the source: a lack of incentive for drug companies to invest in the research and development of novel antibiotics, which has led to a dearth of new drugs in the pipeline. The bill, called the PASTEUR Act, aims to encourage drug-makers by restructuring federal contracts to provide an upfront payment, instead of paying companies based on volume of drugs they produce. The proposed change in federal contracts follows a separate bill introduced last year by US Sen. Bob Casey, D-Pa., that increases reimbursements paid by hospitals for antibiotics. In addition to changing the federal payment model, the PASTEUR Act, introduced with Rep. Drew Ferguson, would provide funds to hospitals to support antibiotic stewardship programs. Hospitals would also be encouraged to report more data on antibiotic use and resistance to the CDC’s National Healthcare Safety Network.

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